In 1785, the Franciscan hermitage was demolished to make way for the Chapultepec Castle, converting the hill and the forest around it into a summer retreat for colonial viceroys. A huge green space at the heart of Mexico City, Chapultepec Park (or Bosque Chapultepec) is a popular area for chilangos and visitors alike to enjoy a wide range of activities and attractions. It also contains the Chapultepec Zoo, the Jardín de la Tercera Edad, and the Audiorama.  The Fuente de las Ranas (Fountain of the Frogs) was created in the 1920s, by Miguel Alessio Robles in Seville, Spain. The statue in the photo above shows the Nahuatl glyph for Chapultepec, representing a hill with a grasshopper on it. This section contains most of the park's attractions, including the castle, the Chapultepec Zoo, the Museum of Anthropology, and the Rufino Tamayo Museum, among others. The park's first section is open from Tuesday to Sunday from 5 am to 8 pm during Daylight Saving Time, and 7 pm the rest of the year. In 1465, Moctezuma I ordered his portrait carved into a rock at the foot of the hill and constructed the Tlaxpana aqueduct, which measured three km. , The Cárcamo de Dolores hydraulic structure, found in this section, was built between 1942 and 1952 to capture water sent to the Valley of Mexico from the Lerma River basin in the Toluca Valley. At the time castle functioned as a military school and six young cadets lost their lives in the battle. It is not as developed as the first section, but it is also dedicated to recreational activities.  In 2005, migratory birds began to make a comeback at the park with the eradication and relocation of introduced species such as geese and ducks, which were aggressive to other species. , This section contains museums such as Papalote Museo del Niño, the Technology Museum of the Federal Electricity Commission (es), and the Museo de Historia Natural (es). Upon exiting the metro station you will find a wide passageway that leads directly to the Niños Heroes monument. The government has authorized the construction of business, offices, and big parking lots for cars.  The zoo was established by Alfonso L. Herrera, a biologist, and opened in 1924. Mexico City, Mexico. , The Museo de Arte Moderno (Museum of Modern Art) is located on Paseo de la Reforma and Calle Gandhi, and it hosts various temporary exhibits. The castle was also used as the presidential residence from 1883 until 1941 when President Lazaro Cardenas chose to move the official residence to Los Pinos, also in the Bosque de Chapultepec. The name Chapultepec comes from Nahuatl, the language spoken by the Aztecs, and means Hill of the Grasshopper ("chapul" - grasshopper, and "tepec" - hill). Metro Lines 1 and 7 have stations at park entrances to the east and south respectively. Related Posts. This museum has an area of 44,000 m2 (470,000 sq ft) and 25 exhibit halls with sections devoted to each of the major pre-Hispanic civilizations in Mexico, including the Aztec, Maya, Toltec, and Olmec.  Eventually, the area became a retreat strictly limited to the ruling and religious elite.  The park hosts a number of cultural events during the year. This monument was created by Architect Enrique Aragón and Sculptor Ernesto Tamariz and was inaugurated in 1952. A number of these are hundreds of years old, although there are far fewer due to a past disease epidemic.  It is the most developed area, and it has a wrought iron fence and gates that extend around its perimeter. Many strands of Mexican history are interwoven with the history of the park, with public figures such as Nezahualcóyotl, … He also had trees and plants from various parts of the Aztec Empire planted here. If you'd like to find things to see and do in the area, you might like to visit Auditorio Nacional and Museo Nacional de Antropologia. , Maintenance issues have closed parts of the park from time to time. Considered one of the world’s oldest urban parks, it’s believed to have been set aside as green space in the 1300s, but wasn't officially protected until 1428 by King Nezahualcoyotl.