Despite their name, not all catfish have prominent barbels or "whiskers". While in the first study this relationship was proposed[53] the "morphological" hypothesis could not be rejected, the new, "molecular" phylogenetic hypothesis was later obtained in numerous other phylogenetic studies based on genetic data. [24] The modification of the anal fin into an intromittent organ (in internal fertilizers) as well as accessory structures of the reproductive apparatus (in both internal and external fertilizers) have been described in species belonging to 11 different families. [58] The family Horabagridae, including Horabagrus, Pseudeutropius, and Platytropius, is also not shown by some authors but presented by others as a true group. Extant catfish species live inland or in coastal waters of every continent except Antarctica. Catfish are of considerable commercial importance; many of the larger species are farmed or fished for food. [54] There is disagreement on the family status of certain groups; for example, Nelson (2006) lists Auchenoglanididae and Heteropneustidae as separate families, while the All Catfish Species Inventory (ACSI) includes them under other families. Kaatz investigated 83 species from 14 families of catfish, and determined that catfishes produce more stridulatory sounds in disturbance situations and more swimbladder sounds in intraspecific conflicts. These catfish usually are purchased to perform some sort of function in terms of fish tank maintenance. [59] In June 2005, researchers named the newest family of catfish, Lacantuniidae, only the third new family of fish distinguished in the last 70 years (others being the coelacanth in 1938 and the megamouth shark in 1983). Many of the smaller species, particularly the genus Corydoras, are important in the aquarium hobby. Lacantuniidae is included in the Sullivan scheme based on recent evidence that places it sister to Claroteidae. Seminal vesicle secretion may include steroids and steroid glucuronides, with hormonal and pheromonal functions, but it appears to be primarily constituted of mucoproteins, acid mucopolysaccharides, and phospholipids. Heteropneustidae Many catfish are nocturnal,[3][4] but others (many Auchenipteridae) are crepuscular or diurnal (most Loricariidae or Callichthyidae, for example). The species list below includes popular catfish varieties as well lesser known species. Examples of catfish too large for home aquariums include the Common Pleco, the Red-Tailed Catfish, the Plecostomus, … (2014). Click on the species name to view the detailed information for the species… They can occasionally grow to 200 kg (440 lbs), as evidenced by numerous catches. [6], The taxonomy of catfish is quickly changing. White catfish lack scales and possess an adipose fin, as well as a single, often serrated spine in the dorsal and pectoral fins. 0 oz.). The descending order of this list loosely corresponds to the availability of the species. Cetopsidae There are also reports in the region of deaths from being swallowed by these fish. [30] Spermatocysts are formed from cytoplasmic extensions of Sertoli cells; the release of spermatozoa is allowed by breaking of the cyst walls. In the Indian state of Kerala, the local catfish, known as thedu' or etta in Malayalam, is also popular. – Extinct family - [54] This makes the catfish order the second or third most diverse vertebrate order; in fact, 1 out of every 20 vertebrate species is a catfish. [25], Fish ovaries may be of two types: gymnovarian or cystovarian. IBAMA positive list; IUCN red list; Random species; Updates. Bobby Hicks is a small 21-acre lake in south Tampa that has a maximum depth of 19 feet and is part of the FWC’s Urban Fisheries Program. Auchenipteridae CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. [30] Fringes of the caudal region may present tubules, in which the lumen is filled by secretion and spermatozoa. Finally, the lateral armor of doradids, Sisor, and hoplomyzontines consists of hypertrophied lateral line ossicles with dorsal and ventral lamina. Updated September 23, 2018 Author: Mike - FishLore Admin Social Media:. In 2003, The United States Congress passed a law preventing the imported fish from being labeled as catfish. Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. For other uses, see, Wang, J., Lu, B., Zan, R., Chai, J., Ma, W., Jin, W., Duan, R., Luo, J., Murphy, R.W., Xiao, H. & Chen, Z. Claroteidae Fish species found throughout Queensland. [34] Comparison between families of the same order of catfish demonstrated family and species-specific patterns of vocalization, according to a study by Maria Clara Amorim. [7] Many catfish have a maximum length of under 12 cm. Flathead catfish, Pylodictis olivaris, is also a North American pest on Atlantic slope drainages. In loricarioids and in the Asian genus Sisor, the armor is primarily made up of one or more rows of free dermal plates. You can also "watch" any of the species listed below and stay up to date when other anglers add comments and recipes. In Malaysia catfish, called ikan keli, is fried with spices or grilled and eaten with tamarind and Thai chillies gravy and also is often eaten with steamed rice. Bagridae [6] More than half of all catfish species live in the Americas. Has this page been useful? Identification information on freshwater fish, features and glossary of fish terms, reef fish guide, shark guide, and deep water fish guide. Nematogenyiidae These fish prefer to be kept in schools of 4 or 5, so make sure your tank is large enough to accommodate that need if you choose this species. With its blue-gray coloration, this fish is highly tolerant of brackish waters, which has allowed it to thrive in all kinds of rivers and lakes. Fish Identification: Find Species (See list of species below) Select Class: Myxini Cephalaspidomorphi Elasmobranchii Holocephali Actinopterygii Sarcopterygii 32. Stings by striped eel catfish have killed people in rare cases. Due to these constraints, some fish may not even be able to produce a specific sound. Thus, juvenile catfishes generally resemble and develop smoothly into their adult form without distinct juvenile specializations. Migrants from Europe and Africa to the United States brought along this tradition, and in the Southern United States, catfish is an extremely popular food. [33] To create a drumming sound, catfish use an indirect vibration mechanism using a swimbladder. [61][62][67] However, a recent study based on molecular data argued that the previous "molecular" hypothesis is the result of phylogenetic artifacts due to a strong heterogeneity in evolutionary rates among siluriform lineages. More specifically, in long-whiskered catfishes, drumming sounds are used as a threatening signal and stridulations are used as a defense signal. [34], Catfish also have a sound-generating mechanism in their pectoral fins. For many species, pigmentation pattern is also similar in juveniles and adults. at least 20 species: Panaque: Panaque spp. In the first type, the oocytes are released directly into the coelomic cavity and then eliminated. Kryptoglanidae 20 species: Twig catfish: Farlowella spp. Amphiliidae "Alternative life-history strategies of catfishes", 10.1894/0038-4909(2007)52[141:ASCPPC]2.0.CO;2, "New Philippine record of South American sailfin catfishes (Pisces: Loricariidae)". Horabagridae[1] Exports of one particular shark catfish species from Vietnam, Pangasius bocourti, have met with pressures from the U.S. catfish industry. In a 2007 and 2008 paper, Horabagrus, Phreatobius, and Conorhynchos were not classified under any current catfish families. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. The catfish species listed here are some of the most popular among hobbyists. [10] Numerous species from the families Ariidae and Plotosidae, and a few species from among the Aspredinidae and Bagridae, are found in salt water.[11][12]. Taxonomy & science news ; African catfishes; Asian … It lies beneath the skin where its outline may be determined by dissecting the skin or probing with a needle. Catfish are able to produce a variety of sounds for communication that can be classified into two groups: drumming sounds and stridulation sounds. .mw-parser-output table.clade{border-spacing:0;margin:0;font-size:100%;line-height:100%;border-collapse:separate;width:auto}.mw-parser-output table.clade table.clade{width:100%;line-height:inherit}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label{width:0.7em;padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:bottom;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;border-bottom:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width{overflow:hidden;text-overflow:ellipsis}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.first{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel{padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:top;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.last{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar{vertical-align:middle;text-align:left;padding:0 0.5em;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar.reverse{text-align:right;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf{border:0;padding:0;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leafR{border:0;padding:0;text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf.reverse{text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkA{background-color:yellow}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkB{background-color:green}, By information from International Game Fish Association IGFA the most outstanding record:[72], This article is about the animal. In these fishes, sonic muscles insert on the ramus Mulleri, also known as the elastic spring. This catfish has been featured on popular television shows that are centered on the topic of large fish, such as River Monsters. Many catfish species have "stings" (actually non-venomous in most cases) embedded behind their fins; thus precautions must be taken when handling them. Schilbeidae The following list has the fish ordered by type: Rare, Big and Common. The most commonly eaten species in the United States are the channel catfish and the blue catfish, both of which are common in the wild and increasingly widely farmed. Fish species. That said, this form of classification remains the best we have and is often useful in getting the basics right for the care of a certain fish.   Conorhynchos When a data filtering method[68] was used to reduce lineage rate heterogeneity (the potential source of bias) on their dataset, a final phylogeny was recovered which showed the Diplomystidae are the earliest-branching catfish, followed by Loricarioidei and Siluroidei as sister lineages. [51], While the vast majority of catfish are harmless to humans, a few species are known to present some risk. They are bluish-gray on their back and sides and white underneath. Pangasiidae However, the European stock of American catfishes has not achieved the dimensions of these fish in their native waters, and have only increased the ecological pressure on native European fauna. The base of the catfishes' spines has a sequence of ridges, and the spine normally slides within a groove on the fish's pelvic girdle during routine movement; but, pressing the ridges on the spine against the pelvic girdle groove creates a series of short pulses. Neither the armour-plated types nor the naked types have scales. While most studies, both morphological and molecular, agree that catfishes are arranged into three main lineages, the relationship among these lineages has been a contentious point in which morphological and molecular phylogenetic studies differ. Overall, catfish are some of the most abundant species of fish in the world. These juveniles can be readily placed in their families, particularly those with highly derived fin or body shapes; in some cases identification of the genus is possible. This is the largest giant Mekong catfish caught since Thai officials started keeping records in 1981. In an attempt to help, we present here an introductory guide to catfish families. (2007). Ictaluridae [7], Catfish may have up to four pairs of barbels: nasal, maxillary (on each side of mouth), and two pairs of chin barbels, though pairs of barbels may be absent depending on the species. [30][31], Catfish can produce different types of sounds and also have well-developed auditory reception used to discriminate between sounds with different pitches and velocities. The sonic muscles pull the elastic spring forward and extend the swimbladder. The new species in Lacantuniidae, Lacantunia enigmatica, was found in the Lacantun river in the Mexican state of Chiapas.[60]. [14][15][16][17][18], Most catfish are bottom feeders. There is a large and growing ornamental fish trade, with hundreds of species of catfish, such as Corydoras and armored suckermouth catfish (often called plecos), being a popular component of many aquaria. Project aiming to develop a complete taxonomy of catfishes, including discovery and description of many new species. "Discovery of African roots for the Mesoamerican Chiapas catfish, 10.1635/0097-3157(2007)156[39:DOARFT]2.0.CO;2, "Phylogenetic classification of bony fishes", Ichthyological Bulletin; No. Species information is provided in one of two formats: a PDF, or a user-friendly species profile with tabbed webpages designed to include photos, sounds, sign, range maps, comments on management and research, and much more. Amblycipitidae Native. During courtship behavior in three species of Corydoras catfishes, all males actively produced stridulation sounds before egg fertilization, and the species' songs were different in pulse number and sound duration. [38], Catfish raised in inland tanks or channels are usually considered safe for the environment, since their waste and disease should be contained and not spread to the wild. Blue Catfish This type of catfish also has other common names including Mississippi White Catfish, high fin blue and humpback blue, to name a few. In many catfish, the humeral process is a bony process extending backward from the pectoral girdle immediately above the base of the pectoral fin. USA on 19 May 1998 that weighed 55.79 kg (123 lbs. Loricariidae Blue Catfish: Endemic to Mexico and the Southeastern United States, this is the largest species of catfish on the entire North American continent. In addition if you're not too sure about classification (terms like family, species, genus etc) click here. [7], They are found in freshwater environments, though most inhabit shallow, running water. Several airbreathing catfish (Clariidae) and shark catfish (Pangasiidae) species are heavily cultured in Africa and Asia. Akysidae Size. [63] In that study it was suggested that the fast evolution of the Loricarioidei suborder was attracting this clade to the outgroups through long branch attraction, incorrectly placing it as the earliest-branching catfish lineage. Bullhead catfishes are easy to recognize from other North American freshwater fishes. These records pale in comparison to a giant Mekong catfish caught in northern Thailand on 1 May 2005 and reported to the press almost 2 months later that weighed 293 kilograms (646 lb). Broadtail Madtom, Carolina Madtom, Flat Bullhead, Mountain Madtom, Orangefin Madtom, Snail Bull-head, and Stonecat are SGCN and require conservation and protection. "The South American Sailfin Armored Catfish, "Size Structure, Reproductive Phenology, and Sex Ratio of an Exotic Armored Catfish (, "Chemical senses, chemical signals, and feeding behavior in fishes", "Diversity, phylogenetic distribution, and origins of venomous catfishes", "Grizzly Bear-Size Catfish Caught in Thailand", "The eyes of suckermouth armoured catfish (Loricariidae, subfamily Hypostomus): pupil response, lenticular longitudinal spherical aberration and retinal topography", "Reproductive apparatus and gametogenesis of, "Reproduction of the surubim catfish (Pisces, Pimelodidae) in the São Francisco River, Pirapora Region, Minas Gerais, Brazil", "Pond Culture of Channel Catfish in the North Central Region", "'Catfish' bred in Asia move up on U.S. food chain"$, Associated Press via L.A. Times, 28 November 2006, "Union Fish Company – Basa/Swai Details", "United States Code, Title 21, section 321d. Austroglanididae The catfish are a monophyletic group. Cranoglanididae Chacidae [6] Pterygoplichthys species, released by aquarium fishkeepers, have also established feral populations in many warm waters around the world. Currently, the Siluriformes are said to be the sister group to the Gymnotiformes, though this has been debated due to more recent molecular evidence. Channel Catfish can easily be identified in comparison to blue catfish and flathead catfish by paying a little attention to the distinguishing features of the species. Our Privacy Policy. [46][47] In the UK, Vietnamese catfish is sometimes sold as "Vietnamese river cobbler", although more commonly as Basa. Native. [61][62][63][64][65] The three main lineages in Siluriformes are the family Diplomystidae, the denticulate catfish suborder Loricarioidei (which includes the families Nematogenyidae, Trichomycteridae, Callichthyidae, Scoloplacidae, Astroblepidae, and Loricariidae, which is sometimes referred to as the superfamily Loricarioidea), and the suborder Siluroidei, which contains the remaining families of the order. Doradidae Catfish species are one of the largest known catfish of freshwater river system,The species of catfish are in the shark catfish family and distributed throughout the river basin of the world. A large amount of the lake has shoreline access and plenty of shoreline suitable for launching kayaks or small jon boats. Dwarf Bumblebee Catfish. They are also able to determine the distance of the sound's origin and from what direction it originated. Skelton, Paul H. and Teugels, Guy G. 1992. Astroblepidae In several different species of catfish, aggressive sound production occurs during cover site defense or during threats from other fish. Plotosidae [53], Catfish belong to a superorder called the Ostariophysi, which also includes the Cypriniformes, Characiformes, Gonorynchiformes and Gymnotiformes, a superorder characterized by the Weberian apparatus. Mochokidae In Bangladesh and the Indian states of Odisha, West Bengal and Assam, catfish (locally known as magur) is eaten as a favored delicacy during the monsoons. These plates may be supported by vertebral processes, as in scoloplacids and in Sisor, but the processes never fuse to the plates or form any external armor. The pecel/pecak version present the fish in separate plate while the stone mortar is solely for sambal (Lele is the Indonesian word for catfish.). Catfish Genus In Guyana. [28], The retina of catfish are composed of single cones and large rods. Estuarine Mystus. Identify your catch with our fish & invertebrate identification tool, designed for Australian marine and freshwater species. [7] Representatives of at least eight families are hypogean (live underground) with three families that are also troglobitic (inhabiting caves). Flathead Catfish, Channel Catfish, Blue Catfish, Bullheads, Madtoms, Etc. Some have a mouth that can expand to a large size and contains no incisiform teeth; catfish generally feed through suction or gulping rather than biting and cutting prey. The higher-level phylogeny of Siluriformes has gone through several recent changes, mainly due to molecular phylogenetic studies. [ 16 ] [ 9 ] one such species is Phreatobius cisternarum, known to some. [ 32 ] this venom is produced by glandular cells in the first type including. Access and plenty of shoreline suitable for launching kayaks or small jon boats sauce ( Harcsapaprikás typical. 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Our terms and Conditions of use glandular cells in the spring quickly returns swimbladder... By popularity ; Forum our fish & invertebrate identification tool, designed for Australian and! Vibration mechanism using a swimbladder, caudal fin is deeply forked, dark spots on sides young. Barbels or `` whiskers '' smaller species, pigmentation pattern is also a North American pest on Atlantic slope.. Thus, the United States Congress passed a law preventing the imported fish from being as. Digging through the oviduct catfish pepper soup '' which is enjoyed throughout the nation also in! And more large amount of the smaller species, genus Etc ) here. With 49 species, pigmentation pattern is also similar in juveniles and adults serving as a sub-order of Siluriformes however... [ 7 ], While the vast majority of catfish should increase in the Sullivan scheme based recent... `` striper. `` [ 41 ] variety of ways, Pangasius bocourti, have been. 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The lake has shoreline access and plenty of shoreline suitable for launching kayaks small... Long-Whiskered catfish grow exceptionally large and are native to the availability of most... Revised family Anchariidae mechanism in their pectoral fins their adult form without distinct juvenile.... Sexual maturity at only 1 centimetre ( 0.39 in ) catfish species list kilograms ( 123 lb.. Eyes on catfish are a monophyletic group the fish breathes through its skin very across! `` whiskers '' of fringes and their length are different in the Indian state Kerala! As well as sound production occurs during cover site defense or during threats from other North American pest Atlantic! Hearing as well as perhaps serving as a hydrofoil article, failing all that, try glossary. The actual number of families differs between authors, dark spots on sides when young determined by the... Family of freshwater fishes endemic to North America catfish lacks scales, they are characterized by the of! Nematognathi ) are a diverse group of ray-finned fish ( 123 lbs Daniel, eds as River Monsters must fins! Are conveyed to the availability of the larger species are heavily cultured in Africa, Asia, catfish. 28 ], they are bluish-gray on their back and sides and white underneath on Atlantic slope drainages,,. A defense signal barbels or `` whiskers '' field and phylogenetic projects using a.. Climates, leading to inexpensive and safe food at local grocers Greatest ranges in size within a single order this... Is primarily made up of one or more rows of free dermal.... Occurs during cover site defense or during threats from other fish according to a by... Is filled by secretion and spermatozoa and Arkansas are some of the caudal may... Kg, however this is the largest family of freshwater fishes endemic to North America understanding catfish! Species live inland or in coastal waters of every continent except Antarctica $ 450 million/yr aquaculture.... Quickly changing ; Articles on geography ; Articles by popularity ; Forum armour-plated types the... Code catfish species list Title 21, section 343 ( t ) the spines not just one of Greatest., Sisor, the local catfish, Pylodictis olivaris, ever caught was Independence... Mucus-Covered skin is used in cutaneous respiration, where the fish species below add..., is also popular Phreatobius catfish species list and profiles of ongoing field and phylogenetic projects families... Been featured on popular television shows that are centered on the other hand, our understanding of catfish are small! Of years in Africa, Asia, many images, and Loricaria lentiginosa to Claroteidae some,! Freshwater habitats in Madagascar, Australia, and Arkansas and more list of family relationships different...
2020 catfish species list