USS LST-314 sunk by German motor torpedo boats off Normandy, France, 9 June 1944. USS LCI(L)-684 sunk off Samar, Philippine Islands, 12 November 1945. Bill Gordon, an American Japanologist who specialises in kamikazes, lists in a 2007 article 47 ships known to have been sunk by kamikaze aircraft. , The tokkōtai pilot's manual also explained how a pilot may turn back if he could not locate a target, and that a pilot "should not waste [his] life lightly". USS Edsall (DD-219) sunk by Japanese warships south of Java, Netherlands East Indies, 1 March 1942. USS Tullibee (SS-284) sunk by own torpedo north of Palau, Caroline Islands, 26 March 1944. USS Scamp (SS-277) probably sunk by Japanese patrol vessel off Tokyo Bay, Japan,  Kamikaze attacks were more accurate than conventional attacks, and often caused more damage. USS SC-636 sunk off Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 9 October 1945. USS YMS-341 sunk off Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 16 September 1945. USS Stewart (DD-224) captured by the Japanese after being scuttled in a drydock at Surabaya, Java, Netherlands East Indies, 2 March 1942. Mine sweeper, Coastal (AMc) 1 August 1943. Mine sweeper, High Speed (DMS) Australian journalists Denis and Peggy Warner, in a 1982 book with Japanese naval historian Sadao Seno (The Sacred Warriors: Japan's Suicide Legions), arrived at a total of 57 ships sunk by kamikazes. , Several suicide attacks, carried out during the invasion of Leyte by Japanese pilots from units other than the Special Attack Force, have been described as the first kamikaze attacks. USS O'Brien (DD-415) torpedoed 15 September 1942 by Japanese submarine I-15 north of Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides Islands, and foundered off Samoa en route to base, 19 October 1942. LCT(6)-1050 sunk off Ie Shima, Ryukyu Islands, 27 July 1945. USS Cushing (DD-376) sunk by gunfire from Japanese warships off Savo, Solomon Islands, 13 November 1942. Landing Ship, Medium (LSM) USS Houston (CA-30) sunk by gunfire and torpedoes of Japanese warships in Sunda Strait, Netherlands East Indies, 1 March 1942. All of the pilots raised both of their hands, volunteering to join the operation. "So eager were many minimally trained pilots to take part in suicide missions that when their sorties were delayed or aborted, the pilots became deeply despondent. ► USS William D. Porter (DD-579) (1 P, 6 F) Media in category "Ships sunk by kamikaze attack" The following 4 files are in this category, out of 4 total. PT-111 destroyed by Japanese warships off Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, 1 February 1943. USS Wasp (CV-7) sunk after being torpedoed by Japanese submarine I-19 south of Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, 15 September 1942. LCT(5)-197 sunk off northern France, 6 June 1944. Light rapid fire anti-aircraft weapons such as the 40 mm Bofors and 20 mm Oerlikon autocannons were highly effective, but heavy anti-aircraft guns such as the 5"/38 caliber gun (127 mm) had the punch to blow kamikazes out of the air, which was preferable since even a heavily damaged kamikaze could complete its mission. USS SC-700 sunk by accidental fire off Vella Lavella, Solomon Islands, 10 March 1944. USS LCI(L)-85 sunk off northern France, 6 June 1944. The U.S. Fast Carrier Task Force alone could bring over 1,000 fighter aircraft into play. PT-145 grounded in enemy waters and destroyed to prevent capture, Mindiri, New Guinea, 4 January 1944. USS Morris (DD-417) seriously damaged by Kamikaze aircraft, 6 April 1945, off Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, and not repaired after the end of the war. Everybody was looking down and tottering. USS Bonefish (SS-223) sunk by Japanese warships in Toyama Wan, Honshu, Japan, Submarine Chaser, (173 foot) (PC) USS Thatcher (DD-514) seriously damaged by one Kamikaze aircraft, off Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, and not repaired after the end of the war. USS Mindanao (PR-8) sunk by Japanese aircraft off Corregidor, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 5 May 1942. USS YMS-133 foundered off Coos Bay, Oregon, 21 February 1943. One Zero attempted to hit the bridge of USS Kitkun Bay but instead exploded on the port catwalk and cartwheeled into the sea. PT-135 grounded in enemy waters and destroyed to prevent capture, near Crater Point, New Britain, 12 April 1944. USS LCI(M)-974 sunk by Japanese suicide boat in Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 10 January 1945. USS YMS-421 sunk off Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 16 September 1945. USS Princeton (CVL-23) sunk after being bombed by Japanese aircraft during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, Philippine Islands, 24 October 1944. Naval War College Analysis, p.1; Parshall and Tully. Glowing in the morning sun. USS Helena (CL-50) sunk after being torpedoed by Japanese warships during the Battle of Kula Gulf, Solomon Islands, 6 July 1943. The Nakajima Ki-115 Tsurugi was a simple, easily built propeller aircraft with a wooden airframe that used engines from existing stocks. LCT(5)-200 sunk off northern France, June 1944. USS LCS(L)(3)-127 sunk off California, 5 March 1945, and stricken from the Navy List, 30 March 1945. Eight kamikaze hits on five British carriers resulted in only 20 deaths while a combined total of 15 bomb hits, most of 500 kg (1,100 lb) weight or greater, and one torpedo hit on four carriers caused 193 fatal casualties earlier in the war – striking proof of the protective value of the armoured flight deck. USS S-44 (SS-155) sunk by Japanese escort ship Ishigaki off Paramushiro, Kuril Islands, 7 October 1943. Captain Motoharu Okamura commented that "there were so many volunteers for suicide missions that he referred to them as a swarm of bees", explaining: "Bees die after they have stung. " Young Japanese people were indoctrinated from an early age with these ideals. In a 2004 book, World War II, the historians Willmott, Cross and Messenger stated that more than 70 U.S. vessels were "sunk or damaged beyond repair" by kamikazes. One Japanese plane made a steep dive from "a great height" at the carrier HMS Formidable and was engaged by anti-aircraft guns.  In addition to kamikazes, the Japanese military also used or made plans for non-aerial Japanese Special Attack Units, including those involving submarines, human torpedoes, speedboats and divers. USS Chicago (CA-29) sunk after being torpedoed by Japanese aircraft off Rennel, Solomon Islands, 29 - 30 January 1943. Philippine Islands, 16 February 1945. LCT(5)-154 sunk, 31 August 1943. Seafires were heavily involved in countering the kamikaze attacks during the Iwo Jima landings and beyond. by Bill Gordon. Lo, plowing into the flight deck. Add new page. , U.S. carriers, with their wooden flight decks, appeared to suffer more damage from kamikaze hits than the armored-decked carriers from the British Pacific Fleet. PT-79 sunk in error by the USS Conyngham (DD-371) and USS Lough (DE-586) near Talin Point, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 1 February 1945. As the end of the war approached, the Allies did not suffer more serious significant losses, despite having far more ships and facing a greater intensity of kamikaze attacks. Allied gunners had begun to develop techniques to negate kamikaze attacks. LCT(5)-19 sunk off Salerno, Italy, 15 September 1943. Allied aviators called the action the "Great Marianas Turkey Shoot". YP-72 destroyed by grounding at Adak, Aleutian Islands, 22 February 1943. USS Underhill (DE-682) sunk by Japanese human torpedo northeast of Luzon, Philippine Islands, 24 July 1945. LCT(5)-352 sunk at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, 12 April 1945. USS YMS-39 sunk by a mine off Balikpapan, Philippine Islands, 26 June 1945. USS Mannert L. Abele (DD-733) sunk by Kamikaze aircraft and glider bomb attack off Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 12 April 1945. The British were able to clear the flight deck and resume flight operations in just hours, while their American counterparts took a few days or even months, as observed by a U.S. Navy liaison officer on HMS Indefatigable who commented: "When a kamikaze hits a U.S. carrier it means six months of repair at Pearl Harbor. USS S-27 (SS-132) lost by grounding on a reef off St. Makarius Point, Amchitka, Aleutian Islands, 19 June 1942. USS Newcombe (DD-586) seriously damaged by three Kamikaze aircraft, 6 April 1945, off Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, and not repaired after the end of the war. When a kamikaze hits a Limey carrier it's just a case of 'Sweepers, man your brooms'.". LCT(5)-486 sunk off northern France, 7 June 1944. USS Longshaw (DD-559) Destroyed by Japanese shore batteries after running aground off Naha airfield, Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 18 May 1945. USS YMS-48 sunk by shore batteries in Manila Bay, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 14 February 1945. The B-29 also had formidable defensive weaponry, so suicide attacks against the plane demanded considerable piloting skill to be successful, which worked against the very purpose of using expendable pilots. 1 August 1943. YP-205 destroyed by grounding, 1 November 1942. More specifically, air suicide attack units from the Imperial Japanese Navy were officially called shinpū tokubetsu kōgeki tai (神風特別攻撃隊, "divine wind special attack units"). PT-371 grounded in enemy waters and destroyed to prevent capture, near Tagalasa, Halmahera, Netherlands East Indies, 19 September 1944. USS Runner (SS-275) missing off the Kuril Islands, 26 June 1943. Aircraft Carrier, Escort (CVE) LCT(5)-319 sunk at Kiska, Aleutian Islands, 27 August 1943. USS Portent (AM-106) sunk by a mine off Anzio, Italy, 22 January 1944. PT-218 destroyed by enemy mine, off Point Aygulf, France, Mediterranean Sea, 16 August 1944. PT-35 destroyed to prevent capture, Cebu City, Cebu, Philippine Islands, 12 April 1942. USS Sturtevant (DD-240) sunk by a mine off Marquesas Key, Florida, 26 April 1942. USS LST-749 sunk by Kamikaze aircraft off Mindoro, Philippine Islands, 21 December 1944. Only Kamikaze and Harukaze survived the war, but Harukaze was in such poor condition when surrendered at … Allied pilots were more experienced, better trained and in command of superior aircraft, making the poorly trained kamikaze pilots easy targets. USS Gudgeon (SS-211) missing off the Marianas Islands, 18 April 1944. The sergeant major was posthumously promoted to second lieutenant by the emperor and was enshrined at Yasukuni. PT-110 sunk after collision in Ablingi Harbor, New Britain, 26 January 1944. He lists: It was claimed by the Japanese forces at the time that there were many volunteers for the suicidal forces. USS Mahan (DD-364) sunk after being hit by three Kamikaze aircraft in Leyte Gulf, Philippine Islands, 7 December 1944. PT-164 destroyed by Japanese aircraft bombing, Rendova Harbor, Solomon Islands, USS LCI(G)-365 sunk by Japanese suicide boat in Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 10 January 1945. Aircraft Carrier, Small (CVL) Arima personally led an attack by about 100 Yokosuka D4Y Suisei ("Judy") dive bombers against a large Essex-class aircraft carrier, USS Franklin, near Leyte Gulf, on or about 15 October 1944. USS Hornbill (AMc-13) sunk after collision with the lumber schooner Esther Johnson in San Francisco Bay, California, 30 June 1942. , In Japanese, the formal term used for units carrying out suicide attacks during 1944–1945 is tokubetsu kōgekitai (特別攻撃隊), which literally means "special attack unit".  The destroyer USS Laffey earned the nickname "The Ship That Would Not Die" after surviving six kamikaze attacks and four bomb hits during this battle.  Saburō Sakai said: "We never dared to question orders, to doubt authority, to do anything but immediately carry out all the commands of our superiors. USS Truxtun (DD-229) wrecked in a gale at Chamber's Cove, Newfoundland, 18 February 1942. Attack on HMAS Australia—21 October 1944" (j-aircraft.com), "Divine Wind The Japanese secret weapon – kamikaze suicide attacks", "HyperWar: Antiaircraft Action Summary--Suicide Attacks [Chapter 2]", "United States of America 20 mm/70 (0.79") Marks 2, 3 & 4", American Merchant Marine at War (website), 2006, "Chronological List of U.S. The 1st Air Fleet commandant, Vice Admiral Takijirō Ōnishi, decided to form a suicide offensive force, the Special Attack Unit. During World War II, nearly 4,000 kamikaze pilots were sacrificed. USS YMS-103 sunk by a mine off Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 8 April 1945. USS Barbel (SS-316) sunk by Japanese aircraft southwest of Palawan, Philippine Islands, 4 February 1945. The kamikaze, along with all Japanese aviators flying over unfriendly territory, were issued (or purchased, if they were officers) a Nambu pistol with which to end their lives if they risked being captured. In total, seven carriers were hit, as well as 40 other ships (five sunk, 23 heavily damaged and 12 moderately damaged). Daikichi Irokawa, who trained at Tsuchiura Naval Air Base, recalled that he "was struck on the face so hard and frequently that [his] face was no longer recognizable". USS Reid (DD-369) sunk after being hit by two Kamikaze aircraft off Limasawa Island, Philippine Islands, 11 December 1944. USS LST-318 sunk by aircraft off Caronia, Sicily, 10 August 1943. Yes. USS Callaghan (DD-792) sunk after being hit by one Kamikaze aircraft off Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 28 July 1945. USS Pompano (SS-181) missing east of Honshu, Japan, 3 September 1943. When you eliminate all thoughts about life and death, you will be able to totally disregard your earthly life. One Corsair and 10 Grumman Avengers were destroyed. This of course is a result of the Kamikaze attacks on the fleet. USS LST-69 sunk by explosion at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, 21 May 1944. With his superiors, he arranged the first investigations into the plausibility and mechanisms of intentional suicide attacks on 15 June 1944. The Army lost 4,675 dead and nearly 19,000 wounded. USS Harder (SS-257) sunk by Siamese destroyer Pra Ruang off Caiman Point, 24 August 1944. Sources differ regarding the number of ships sunk by kamikaze aircraft duringWorld War II. YP-345 sunk southeast of Midway Island, 31 October 1942. PT-301 damaged by explosion in port and scrapped, Mios Woendi, New Guinea, USS Fiske (DE-143) sunk after being torpedoed by German submarine U-804 north of Azores, 2 August 1944. On 6 April 1945, waves of aircraft made hundreds of attacks in Operation Kikusui ("floating chrysanthemums"). The peak period of kamikaze attack frequency came during April–June 1945 at the Battle of Okinawa. YP-426 destroyed by grounding, 16 December 1943. Destroyer, Escort Vessel (DE) This is usually abbreviated to tokkōtai (特攻隊). YP-481 destroyed by grounding at Charleston, South Carolina, 25 April 1943. YP-270 destroyed by grounding, 30 June 1942. USS LST- 906 grounded off Leghorn, Italy, 18 October 1944, and scrapped, 22 June 1945.. In World War II Japanese pilots who were willing to give up their lives to help save their country by destroying … PT-322 grounded in enemy waters and destroyed to prevent capture, near Hardenberg Point, New Guinea, 23 November 1943. LCT(5)-66 sunk at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, 12 April 1945. LCT(6)-823 sunk off Palau, Caroline Islands, 27 September 1944. Eagle (PE) LCT(5)-71 sunk, 11 September 1943. USS LCI(L)-1 sunk off Bizerte, Tunisia, 17 August 1943. USS PGM-7 sunk in collision in the Bismarck Sea, 18 July 1944. In 1945 a sixth ship was sunk by submarine action.  First Lieutenant Fusata Iida's plane had taken a hit and had started leaking fuel when he apparently used it to make a suicide attack on Naval Air Station Kaneohe. USS LST-43 sunk by explosion at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, 21 May 1944. Captain Motoharu Okamura, in charge of the Tateyama Base in Tokyo, as well as the 341st Air Group Home, was, according to some sources, the first officer to officially propose kamikaze attack tactics. USS Sentinel (AM-113) sunk by German aircraft off Licata, Sicily, 12 July 1943. Ceremonies were carried out before kamikaze pilots departed on their final mission. Picket Ships at Okinawa by Paul Thurman Carlton Press, 1996, 152 pages. LCT(5)-215 sunk off Salerno, Italy, 1943. USS Shubrick (DD-639) seriously damaged by one Kamikaze aircraft, 29 May 1945, off Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, and not repaired after the end of the war. YP-422 destroyed by grounding off New Caledonia. He was promoted posthumously to Vice Admiral and was given official credit for making the first kamikaze attack. YP-235 destroyed by undetermined explosion in the Gulf of Mexico, 1 April 1943. 11 November 1944. It's all a lie that they left filled with braveness and joy, crying, "Long live the emperor!" USS Finch (AM-9) sunk by Japanese aircraft off Corregidor, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 11 April 1942. USS PC-1603 damaged by Kamikaze attack off Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 21 May 1945, and sunk 26 May 1945.. USS Meredith (DD-434) sunk by Japanese aircraft near San Cristobal, Solomon Islands, 15 October 1942. According to a U.S. Navy report, a kamikaze had been shot down within 75 yards of the bow of the ship on April 6 and three bombs were dropped near the ship on … USS Sims (DD-409) sunk by Japanese aircraft during the Battle of the Coral Sea, 7 May 1942. USS Monaghan (DD-354) foundered during a typhoon in the Philippine Sea, 18 December 1944. Category:Ships sunk by kamikaze attack | Military Wiki | Fandom. Its bomb caused fires that resulted in the bomb magazine exploding, sinking the carrier. 18 February 1945, and scuttled off Saipan, Mariana Islands, 16 July 1945. , Irokawa Daikichi, Kamikaze Diaries: Reflections of Japanese Student Soldiers, Pilots were given a manual that detailed how they were supposed to think, prepare and attack. USS LSM-135 sunk by Kamikaze attack off Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 25 May 1945. USS Johnston (DD-557) sunk by Japanese warships off Samar, Philippine Islands, PT-165 lost in transit, tanker torpedoed by Japanese submarine I-17, 100 miles south of Noumea, New Caledonia, 24 May 1943. Even encouraging capable pilots to bail out before impact was ineffective because vital personnel were often lost when they mistimed their exits and were killed as a result. The Japanese considered the goal of damaging or sinking large numbers of Allied ships to be a just reason for suicide attacks. LCT(6)-1090 sunk off Luzon, Philippine Islands, 26 March 1945. The first kamikaze force was in fact composed of 24 volunteer pilots from Japan’s 201st Navy Air Group. Landing Craft, Infantry (Mortar) (LCI(M)) According to a U.S. Air Force source, the kamikaze attackers sunk 34 Navy ships, damaged 368 others, killed 4,900 sailors, and wounded over 4,800. USS Palmer (DMS-5) sunk by Japanese aircraft in Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 7 January 1945. USS LST-333 sunk by German submarine U-593 off Dellys, Algeria, 22 June 1943. LCT(5)-196 sunk off Salerno, Italy, 27 September 1943. Provide me with 300 planes and I will turn the tide of war. YP-77 sunk in collision off Atlantic coast, 28 April 1942. On 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, the Kamikaze Special Attack Force carried out its first mission. What is the literal translation of the word 'kamikaze'? PT-73 grounded in enemy waters and destroyed to prevent capture, Baliquias Bay, Mindoro, Philippine Islands, 15 January 1945. PT-509 destroyed by ramming of a German minesweeper in the English Channel, 9 August 1944. YP-284 sunk by surface ships off Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, 25 October 1942. USS Abner Read (DD-526) sunk by Kamikaze attack in Leyte Gulf, Philippine Islands, During 1945, the Japanese military began stockpiling hundreds of Tsurugi, Ohkas, other aircraft and suicide boats for use against Allied forces expected to invade Japan. 1 February 1943. LCT(5)-23 sunk at Algiers, Algeria, 3 May 1943. USS LST-6 sunk by a mine in the Seine River while en route from Rouen, France, to Portland, England, 18 November 1944. PT-112 destroyed by Japanese warships off Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, 11 January 1943. Not a single armored surface combatant (cruiser or battleship) was seriously endangered by a kamikaze strike. USS S-36 (SS-141) lost by grounding on Taka Bakang Reef, Makassar Strait, 20 January 1942. USS YMS-19 sunk by a mine off Palau, Caroline Islands, 24 September 1944. USS Worden (DD-352) Wrecked off Amchitka, Aleutian Islands, 12 January 1943. PT-202 destroyed by enemy mine, off Point Aygulf, France, Mediterranean Sea, 16 August 1944. PT-353 destroyed by Australian aircraft, mistaken identification, Bangula Bay, New Britain Island, 27 March 1944. PT-41 destroyed to prevent capture on road to Lake Lanao, Mindanao, Philippine Islands, 15 April 1942. YP-279 foundered in heavy weather off Townsville, Australia, 5 September 1943. USS YMS-70 foundered off Leyte, Philippine Islands, 17 October 1944. USS LSMR-194 sunk by Kamikaze attack off Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 4 May 1945. Light Cruiser (CL) Ōnishi, addressing this unit, told them that their nobility of spirit would keep the homeland from ruin even in defeat. Seki is said to have closed his eyes, lowered his head and thought for ten seconds before saying: "Please do appoint me to the post." LCT(5)-362 sunk off northern France, 6 June 1944. A pilot would dive towards his target and "aim for a point between the bridge tower and the smoke stacks". Of that total, kamikaze … USS Escolar (SS-294) probably sunk after striking a mine in the Yellow Sea, 17 October 1944. USS LST-480 sunk by explosion at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, 21 May 1944. USS YMS-30 sunk by a mine off Anzio, Italy, 25 January 1944. PT-117 destroyed by Japanese aircraft bombing, Rendova Harbor, Solomon Islands, USS PC-496 sunk after being torpedoed by Italian submarine off Bizerte, Tunisia, 4 June 1943. 8 November 1944. Also Read: This is actual footage of the Japanese surrender aboard the USS Missouri Sailors and Marines work together putting out the fires caused by the Kamikaze pilots. USS LCS(L)(3)-37 engines damaged beyond repair by a depth charge dropped under the fantail by a suicide boat off Nakagusuki Wan, Okinawa, 28 April 1945. PT-346 destroyed by U.S. Navy aircraft, mistaken identification, near Cape Pomas, New Britain Island, 29 April 1944. USS LST-359 sunk by German submarine U-870 northeast of the Azores, 20 December 1944.  Stories like these, which showed the kind of praise and honour death produced, encouraged young Japanese to volunteer for the Special Attack Corps and instilled a desire in the youth to die as a kamikaze. Yms-421 sunk off northern France, 6 June 1944 the Canary Islands, 21 May.... Cape Bougaroun, Algeria, 6 May 1942 would keep the homeland from ruin even in defeat Island. Were carried out its first mission torpedoed during the Battle of Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, 27 September 1944 said. Remaining victims were landing ships the west coast of Hawaii, 21 January 1943 18 1942... Is a matter of debate LST-749 sunk by Japanese aircraft bombing, Rendova Harbor, Hawaii 12. Uss Brownson ( DD-518 ) sunk by a mine off Le Havre France! Fires were gradually brought under control, and sunk 26 May 1945 I-175 off Gilbert Islands, 9 February.. 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2020 ships sunk by kamikaze